Nature & Science

Beyond the Canyon’s Geological


The Grand Canyon is famous for its geologic significance. In fact, this geologic landscape is one of the world’s intensely studied ones. Boasting a plethora of qualities ranging from the three geological time eras and rich fossil record to numerous rock types, caves and important geological resources, the canyon is a delight for any natural science enthusiast. The area is also one of the best models of arid-land erosion on the planet. The 277 mile-long canyon has an average depth of 4,000 feet. The deepest area is 6,000 feet, whereas the widest point is 18 miles across.

While the Grand Canyon does have all those wonderful geological wonders, it also holds great treasures of natural science. From animals to plants to entire ecosystems, there are numerous things to attract natural science enthusiasts across the world.

The Grand Canyon Park comprises numerous major ecosystems. Made up of three of four North American desert types and five of seven life zones, the area has considerable biological diversity. Traveling through the area is like experiencing the different live zones that you would if you journeyed between Mexico and Canada.



The Grand Canyon Park also plays the role of an important ecological refuge for several declining ecosystems that remain comparatively undisturbed. Numerous endangered and threatened animal and plant species also call the park their home.